Report on the security challenges in MENA region

Report on the security challenges in MENA region


EU security depends on the peace and stability in North Africa and Middle East

Report on the security challenges in MENA region: EU security depends on the peace and stability in North Africa and Middle East

MENA regionEuropean Parliament adopted the Report on the security challenges in the Middle East and North Africa region and the prospects for political stability, on which Ramona Manescu EPP/PNL MEP was a shadow rapporteur on behalf of EPP Group.

The Report addresses the threats and the security situation in North Africa and Middle East region (MENA), expresses European Parliament opinion on the need to step up the global strategy for democracy and human rights and comes with proposals on strengthening the cooperation for economic development in the targeted region.

MEP Ramona Manescu commented on the content of this report: “Having the complex and grave situation, in terms of security, stability and humanitarian crisis, in so many of the countries from the MENA region, this Report was a particular difficult one. The positive vote that it received from the Parliament will reflect in actions at Commission level, which are much needed, by both EU and the countries in MENA region.

The Report proposals are stretches along 54 points to which are added 15 more on behalf of the Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality and the work upon it started in November 2014. As a shadow rapporteur, Mrs Manescu backed up the EPP opinion on the matters tackled by the Report, its success being reflected by the positive vote of the EPP group during the plenary session.

Regarding the importance of the proposals adopted today MEP Ramona Manescu declared:

I much welcome the recognition of the fact that our security in Europe seriously depends on the stability and security situation in the neighbouring countries. While on the Eastern border of EU there are strong and stable members like Romania, which can assure the security, on the South and South-East borders, towards Africa and Middle East, the situation is much different because of the many conflicts and the spread of the terrorist threat. As the Reports states, European Union will only be an effective player on the international scene if it is able to speak with one voice and a close coordination between internal and external actions.

Such a role must also involve taking the position of main facilitator for a regional dialogue involving all regional stakeholders. This means, among others identifying and rely on key partner countries, to ensure political and security stability in the long term. Some of these countries, like Lebanon, Jordan or Morocco, are now part of the solution. But, without immediate help from the international community, especially from EU, they can end up to become part of the problems as an effect of the enormous pressure caused by the millions of refugees, active terrorist cells and neighbouring armed conflicts.

Also, with the help of successful countries from the Arab world, like Qatar or Oman, EU, in its regional strategy and actions must address the root causes of radicalisation and adopt a global approach based on security, capacity for democratic governance, and political, economic, social and cultural development, whereby inclusivity should be a guiding principle. Without credible and sustainable solutions for the needs of education and economic stability of the young generations all over the MENA region, terrorist groups like ISIS will always find fertile grounds for their seeds of radicalism and jihadism.

The Report adopted today by the European Parliament will reach not only the Council, the Commission and the Vice-President of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, but also the Secretaries-General of the League of Arab States and the Union for the Mediterranean and the governments and parliaments of their member countries.